# ABINIT, file handling input variables:

## List and description.

This document lists and provides the description of the name (keywords) of the "file handling" input variables to be used in the main input file of the abinit code.

### Content of the file : alphabetical list of "file handling" variables.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G. get1den   get1wf   getbscoup   getbseig   getbsreso   getddb   getddk   getden   gethaydock   getocc   getqps   getscr   getsuscep   getwfk   getwfq
H.
I. ird1den   ird1wf   irdbscoup   irdbseig   irdbsreso   irdddb   irdddk   irdden   irdhaydock   irdqps   irdscr   irdsuscep   irdwfk   irdwfq
J.
K. kssform
L.
M.
N.
O.
P. prt1dm   prtden   prtdos   prtdosm   prteig   prtelf   prtfsurf   prtgden   prtgeo   prtgkk   prtgsr   prtkden   prtkpt   prtlden   prtpot   prtpsps   prtspcur   prtstm   prtsuscep   prtvclmb   prtvha   prtvhxc   prtvol   prtvolimg   prtvpsp   prtvxc   prtwant   prtwf   prtwf_full   prtxml

get1den
Mnemonics: GET the first-order density from _1DEN file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: nonlinear, ElPhonInt.
Moderately used: [16/907] in abinit tests, [3/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorespfn:[depes_4,eph_1,nlo_2]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Relevant only for non self consistent RF calculations (e.g. to get electron phonon matrix elements) or for non linear RF calculations (to get mixed higher order derivatives you need several perturbed densities and wave functions). Indicate the files from which first-order densities must be obtained, in multi-dataset mode (in single dataset mode, use ird1den).
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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get1wf
Mnemonics: GET the first-order wavefunctions from _1WF file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [14/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorespfn:[nlo_2]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (in the multi-dataset mode), to indicate starting wavefunctions, as an alternative to irdwfk, irdwfq, ird1wf, irdddk. One should first read the explanations given for these latter variables.
The getwfk , getwfq , get1wf and getddk variables are typically used to chain the calculations in the multi-dataset mode, since they describe from which dataset the OUTPUT wavefunctions are to be taken, as INPUT wavefunctions of the present dataset.

We now focus on the getwfk input variable (the only one used in ground-state calculations), but the rules for getwfq and get1wf are similar, with _WFK replaced by _WFQ or _1WF.
If getwfk ==0, no use of previously computed output wavefunction file appended with _DSx_WFK is done.
If getwfk is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset for which the output wavefunction file appended with _WFK must be used.
If getwfk is -1, the output wf file with _WFK of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getwfk is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed wavefunction file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the wavefunctions are not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getwfk =0 for that initialisation. Thanks to this rule, the use of getwfk -1 is rather straightforward : except for the first wavefunctions, that are not initialized by reading a disk file, the output wavefunction of one dataset is input of the next one.
In the case of a ddk calculation in a multi dataset run, in order to compute correctly the localisation tensor, it is mandatory to declare give getddk the value of the current dataset (i.e. getddk3 3 ) - this is a bit strange and should be changed in the future.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getbscoup
Mnemonics: GET the Bethe-Salpeter COUPling block from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [0/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and, in the case of a Bethe-Salpeter calculation to indicate that the starting coupling block of the excitonic Hamiltonian will be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT coupling block is to be taken, as INPUT of the present dataset.
If getbscoup==0, no such use of previously computed coupling block file is done.
If getbscoup is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset to be used as input.
If getbscoup is -1, the output of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occuring case.
If getbscoup is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the coupling block is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getbscoup=0 for that initialisation.

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getbseig
Mnemonics: GET the Bethe-Salpeter EIGenstates from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[11,50]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and, in the case of a Bethe-Salpeter calculation to indicate that the starting excitonic eigenstates are to be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT eigenstates are to be taken, as INPUT eigenstates of the present dataset.
If getbseig==0, no such use of previously computed output eigenstates file is done.
If getbseig is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the output states is to be used as input.
If getbseig is -1, the output eigenstates of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getbseig is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the eigenstates are not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getbseig=0 for that initialisation.

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getbsreso
Mnemonics: GET the Bethe-Salpeter RESOnant block from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [4/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[11,16,50,51]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and, in the case of a Bethe-Salpeter calculation to indicate that the starting resonant block of the excitonic Hamiltonian will be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT resonant block is to be taken, as INPUT of the present dataset.
If getbsreso==0, no such use of previously computed resonant block file is done.
If getbsreso is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset to be used as input.
If getbsreso is -1, the output of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getbsreso is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the resonant block is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getbsreso=0 for that initialisation.

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getddb
Mnemonics: GET the DDB from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: ElPhonInt, TDepES.
Rarely used: [4/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v7:[58,88,89],v8:[44]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

This variable should be used when performing electron-phonon or temperature-dependence calculations. The Born effective charge as well as the dielectric tensor will be read from a previous DFPT calculations of the electric field at q=Gamma. The use of this variable will trigger the cancellation of a residual dipole that leads to an unphysical divergence of the GKK with vanishing q-points. The use of this variable greatly improves the k-point convergence speed as the density of the k-point grid required to obtain the fulfillment of the charge neutrality sum rule is usually prohibitively large.
If getddb==0, no such use of previously computed Born effective charge and dielectric tensor is done.
If getddb is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the output density is to be used as input.
If getddb is -1, the output density of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getddb is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getddk
Mnemonics: GET the DDK wavefunctions from _1WF file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [50/907] in abinit tests, [8/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorespfn:[elast_2,elast_5,ffield_2,nlo_2,nlo_3,nlo_6,rf1_5,rf2_1]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (in the multi-dataset mode), to indicate starting wavefunctions, as an alternative to irdwfk,irdwfq,ird1wf,irdddk. One should first read the explanations given for these latter variables.
The getwfk , getwfq , get1wf and getddk variables are typically used to chain the calculations in the multi-dataset mode, since they describe from which dataset the OUTPUT wavefunctions are to be taken, as INPUT wavefunctions of the present dataset.

We now focus on the getwfk input variable (the only one used in ground-state calculations), but the rules for getwfq and get1wf are similar, with _WFK replaced by _WFQ or _1WF.
If getwfk ==0, no use of previously computed output wavefunction file appended with _DSx_WFK is done.
If getwfk is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset for which the output wavefunction file appended with _WFK must be used.
If getwfk is -1, the output wf file with _WFK of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getwfk is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed wavefunction file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the wavefunctions are not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getwfk =0 for that initialisation. Thanks to this rule, the use of getwfk -1 is rather straightforward : except for the first wavefunctions, that are not initialized by reading a disk file, the output wavefunction of one dataset is input of the next one.
In the case of a ddk calculation in a multi dataset run, in order to compute correctly the localisation tensor, it is mandatory to declare give getddk the value of the current dataset (i.e. getddk3 3 ) - this is a bit strange and should be changed in the future.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getden
Mnemonics: GET the DENsity from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [181/907] in abinit tests, [31/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and, in the case of a ground-state calculation, if iscf<0 (non-SCF calculation), to indicate that the starting density is to be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT density are to be taken, as INPUT density of the present dataset.
If getden==0, no such use of previously computed output density file is done.
If getden is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the output density is to be used as input.
If getden is -1, the output density of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getden is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the density is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getden=0 for that initialisation. Thanks to this rule, the use of getden -1 is rather straightforward : except for the first density, that is not initialized by reading a disk file, the output density of one dataset is input of the next one.
Be careful : the output density file of a run with non-zero ionmov does not have the proper name (it has a "TIM" indication) for use as an input of an iscf<0 calculation.
One should use the output density of a ionmov==0 run.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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gethaydock
Mnemonics: GET the HAYDOCK restart file from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [0/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and, in the case of a Bethe-Salpeter calculation to indicate that the Haydock iterative technique will be restarted from the output of a previous dataset.
If gethaydock==0, no such use of previously computed coupling block file is done.
If gethaydock is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset to be used as input.
If gethaydock is -1, the output of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occuring case.
If gethaydock is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the coupling block is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if gethaydock=0 for that initialisation.

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getocc
Mnemonics: GET OCC parameters from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v2:[11],v3:[18]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

This variable is typically used to chain the calculations, in the multi-dataset mode (ndtset>0), since it describes from which dataset the array occ is to be taken, as input of the present dataset. The occupation numbers are EVOLVING variables, for which such a chain of calculations is useful.
If getocc==0, no such use of previously computed output occupations is done.
If getocc is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the data are to be used as input data. It must be the index of a dataset already computed in the SAME run.
If getocc is -1, the output data of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getocc is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed data. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the date is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getocc==0 for that initialisation.
NOTE that a non-zero getocc MUST be used with occopt==2, so that the number of bands has to be initialized for each k point. Of course, these numbers of bands must be identical to the numbers of bands of the dataset from which occ will be copied. The same is true for the number of k points.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getqps
Mnemonics: GET QuasiParticle Structure
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: multidtset, GW, Susceptibility, SelfEnergy.
Rarely used: [8/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {libxc:[14,42],paral:[73,75],v4:[87,88],v67mbpt:[36],wannier90:[03]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and optdriver=3, or 4 (screening or sigma step of a GW calculation), to indicate that the eigenvalues and possibly the wavefunctions have to be taken from a previous quasiparticle calculation (instead of the usual LDA starting point). This is to achieve quasiparticle self-consistency. See also irdqps
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getscr
Mnemonics: GET SCReening (the inverse dielectric matrix) from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: multidtset, GW, SelfEnergy.
Moderately used: [50/907] in abinit tests, [8/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorial:[gw1_1,gw1_3,gw1_4,gw1_5,gw1_6,gw1_7,gw1_8,gw1_9]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and optdriver=4 (sigma step of a GW calculation), to indicate that the dielectric matrix (_SCR file) is to be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT dielectric matrix is to be taken, as INPUT of the present dataset.
If getscr==0, no such use of previously computed output _SCR file is done.
If getscr is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the output _SCR file is to be used as input.
If getscr is -1, the output _SCR file of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getscr is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the _SCR file is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getscr=0 for that initialisation.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

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getsuscep
Mnemonics: GET SUSCEPtibility (the irreducible polarizability) from ...
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: multidtset, GW, SelfEnergy.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v5:[70],v67mbpt:[03]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Used when ndtset>0 (multi-dataset mode) and optdriver=4 (sigma step of a GW calculation), to indicate that the irreducible polarizability (_SUSC file) is to be taken from the output of a previous dataset. It is used to chain the calculations, since it describes from which dataset the OUTPUT susceptibility is to be taken, as INPUT of the present dataset. Performing a GW calculations starting from the _SUSC file instead of the _SCR file presents the advantage that starting from the irreducible polarizability, one can calculate the screened interaction using different expressions without having to perform a screening calculation from scratch. For example, it is possible to apply a cutoff to the Coulomb interaction in order to facilitate the convergence of the GW correction with respect to the size of the supercell (see vcutgeo and icutcoul)
If getsuscep==0, no such use of previously computed output _SUSC file is done.
If getsuscep is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset from which the output _SUSC file is to be used as input.
If getsuscep is -1, the output _SUSC file of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getsuscep is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the _SUSC file is not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getsuscep=0 for that initialisation.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

Go to the top | Complete list of input variables

getwfk
Mnemonics: GET the wavefunctions from _WFK file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [394/907] in abinit tests, [46/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (in the multi-dataset mode), to indicate starting wavefunctions, as an alternative to irdwfk,irdwfq,ird1wf, or irdddk. One should first read the explanations given for these latter variables.
The getwfk, getwfq , get1wf and getddk variables are typically used to chain the calculations in the multi-dataset mode, since they describe from which dataset the OUTPUT wavefunctions are to be taken, as INPUT wavefunctions of the present dataset.

We now focus on the getwfk input variable (the only one used in ground-state calculations), but the rules for getwfq and get1wf are similar, with _WFK replaced by _WFQ or _1WF.
If getwfk==0, no use of previously computed output wavefunction file appended with _DSx_WFK is done.
If getwfk is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset for which the output wavefunction file appended with _WFK must be used.
If getwfk is -1, the output wf file with _WFK of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getwfk is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed wavefunction file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the wavefunctions are not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getwfk=0 for that initialisation. Thanks to this rule, the use of getwfk -1 is rather straightforward : except for the first wavefunctions, that are not initialized by reading a disk file, the output wavefunction of one dataset is input of the next one.
In the case of a ddk calculation in a multi dataset run, in order to compute correctly the localisation tensor, it is mandatory to declare give getddk the value of the current dataset (i.e. getddk3 3 ) - this is a bit strange and should be changed in the future.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

Go to the top | Complete list of input variables

getwfq
Mnemonics: GET the wavefunctions from _WFQ file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [34/907] in abinit tests, [4/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorespfn:[depes_1,depes_3,depes_4,rf1_6]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Eventually used when ndtset>0 (in the multi-dataset mode), to indicate starting wavefunctions, as an alternative to irdwfk,irdwfq,ird1wf or irdddk. One should first read the explanations given for these latter variables.
The getwfk , getwfq, get1wf and getddk variables are typically used to chain the calculations in the multi-dataset mode, since they describe from which dataset the OUTPUT wavefunctions are to be taken, as INPUT wavefunctions of the present dataset.

We now focus on the getwfk input variable (the only one used in ground-state calculations), but the rules for getwfq and get1wf are similar, with _WFK replaced by _WFQ or _1WF.
If getwfk ==0, no use of previously computed output wavefunction file appended with _DSx_WFK is done.
If getwfk is positive, its value gives the index of the dataset for which the output wavefunction file appended with _WFK must be used.
If getwfk is -1, the output wf file with _WFK of the previous dataset must be taken, which is a frequently occurring case.
If getwfk is a negative number, it indicates the number of datasets to go backward to find the needed wavefunction file. In this case, if one refers to a non existent data set (prior to the first), the wavefunctions are not initialised from a disk file, so that it is as if getwfk =0 for that initialisation. Thanks to this rule, the use of getwfk -1 is rather straightforward : except for the first wavefunctions, that are not initialized by reading a disk file, the output wavefunction of one dataset is input of the next one.
In the case of a ddk calculation in a multi dataset run, in order to compute correctly the localisation tensor, it is mandatory to declare give getddk the value of the current dataset (i.e. getddk3 3 ) - this is a bit strange and should be changed in the future.
NOTE : a negative value of a "get" variable indicates the number of datasets to go backwards; it is not the number to be subtracted from the current dataset to find the proper dataset. As an example :

  ndtset 3   jdtset 1 2 4  getXXX -1

refers to dataset 2 when dataset 4 is initialized.

Go to the top | Complete list of input variables

ird1den
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of 1st-order DEN file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: nonlinear.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {tutorespfn:[nlo_11]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 1 if iscf < 0, 0 otherwise.

If first order density is needed in single dataset mode (for example in nonlinear optical response), use ird1den=1 to read first-order densities from _DENx files produced in other calculations. In multi-dataset mode use get1den.

When iscf < 0, the reading of a DEN file is always enforced.

A non-zero value of ird1den is treated in the same way as other "ird" variables, see the section 4 of the abinit help file.

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ird1wf
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of _1WF files
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: DFPT.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {tutorespfn:[nlo_11]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Indicates eventual starting wavefunctions. As alternative, one can use the input variables getwfk, getwfq, get1wf or getddk.

Ground-state calculation :

• only irdwfk and getwfk have a meaning
• at most one of irdwfk or getwfk can be non-zero
• if irdwfk and getwfk are both zero, initialize wavefunctions with random numbers for ground state calculation.
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
Response-function calculation :
• one and only one of irdwfk or getwfk MUST be non-zero
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state k -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• only one of irdwfq or getwfq can be non-zero, if both of them are non-zero, use as k + q file the one defined by irdwfk and/or getwfk
• if irdwfq = 1 : read ground state k+q -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFQ , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of ird1wf or get1wf can be non-zero
• if both are zero, initialize first order wavefunctions to zeroes
• if ird1wf = 1 : read first-order wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of irdddk or getddk can be non-zero
• one of them must be non-zero if an homogeneous electric field calculation is done (presently, a ddk calculation in the same dataset is not allowed)
• if irdddk = 1 : read first-order ddk wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).

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irdbscoup
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of COUPling block
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: BSE.
Rarely used: [0/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Start the Bethe-Salpeter calculation from the BSC file containing the coupling block produced in a previous run.

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irdbseig
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of BS_EIG file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: BSE.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[11]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Start the Bethe-Salpeter calculation from the BS_EIG contining the exciton eigenvectors produced in a previous run.

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irdbsreso
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of RESOnant block
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: BSE.
Rarely used: [4/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[32,33,34,35]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Start the Bethe-Salpeter calculation from the BSR file containing the resonat block produced in a previous run.

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irdddb
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of DDB file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: ElPhonInt.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v7:[59]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 1 if iscf < 0, 0 otherwise.

This variable should be used when performing electron-phonon or temperature-dependence calculations. The Born effective charge as well as the dielectric tensor will be read from a previous DFPT calculations of the electric field at q=Gamma. The use of this variable will trigger the cancellation of a residual dipole that leads to an unphysical divergence of the GKK with vanishing q-points. The use of this variable greatly improves the k-point convergence speed as the density of the k-point grid required to obtain the fulfillment of the charge neutrality sum rule is usually prohibitively large.

A non-zero value of irdddb is treated in the same way as other "ird" variables, see the section 4 of the abinit help file.

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irdddk
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of DDK wavefunctions, in _1WF files
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: DFPT.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {tutorespfn:[nlo_10],v5:[82]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Indicates eventual starting wavefunctions. As alternative, one can use the input variables getwfk, getwfq, get1wf or getddk.

Ground-state calculation :

• only irdwfk and getwfk have a meaning
• at most one of irdwfk or getwfk can be non-zero
• if irdwfk and getwfk are both zero, initialize wavefunctions with random numbers for ground state calculation.
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
Response-function calculation :
• one and only one of irdwfk or getwfk MUST be non-zero
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state k -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• only one of irdwfq or getwfq can be non-zero, if both of them are non-zero, use as k + q file the one defined by irdwfk and/or getwfk
• if irdwfq = 1 : read ground state k+q -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFQ , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of ird1wf or get1wf can be non-zero
• if both are zero, initialize first order wavefunctions to zeroes
• if ird1wf = 1 : read first-order wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of irdddk or getddk can be non-zero
• one of them must be non-zero if an homogeneous electric field calculation is done (presently, a ddk calculation in the same dataset is not allowed)
• if irdddk = 1 : read first-order ddk wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).

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irdden
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of DEN file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Rarely used: [3/907] in abinit tests, [2/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {tutorespfn:[nlo_11,nlo_8],v5:[40]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 1 if iscf < 0, 0 otherwise.

Start the ground-state calculation from the density file of a previous run. When iscf < 0, the reading of a DEN file is always enforced.

A non-zero value of irdden is treated in the same way as other "ird" variables, see the section 4 of the abinit help file.

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irdhaydock
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of the HAYDOCK restart file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: BSE.
Rarely used: [0/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Used to re-start the Haydock iterative technique from the HAYDR_SAVE file produced in a previous run.

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irdqps
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of QuasiParticle Structure
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: GW, multidtset, Susceptibility, SelfEnergy.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[05]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Relevant only when optdriver=3 or 4. Indicate the file from which the eigenvalues and possibly the wavefunctions must be obtained, in order to achieve a self-consistent quasiparticle calculations. See also getqps

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irdscr
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of the SCReening
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: GW, multidtset, SelfEnergy.
Moderately used: [10/907] in abinit tests, [5/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutoparal:[mbt_4,mbt_5],tutorial:[bs_2,bs_3,bs_4]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Relevant only when optdriver=4. Indicate the file from which the dielectric matrix must be obtained. As alternative, one can use the input variable getscr.
When optdriver=4, at least one of irdscr or getscr (alternatively, irdsuscep or getsuscep) must be non-zero.

A non-zero value of irdscr is treated in the same way as other "ird" variables, see the section 4 of the abinit help file.

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irdsuscep
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of the SUSCEPtibility
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: GW, multidtset, SelfEnergy.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v67mbpt:[05]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Relevant only when optdriver=4. Indicate the file from which the irreducible polarizability must be obtained. As alternative, one can use the input variable getsuscep.
When optdriver=4, at least one of irdsuscep or getsuscep (alternatively, irdscr or getscr) must be non-zero.

A non-zero value of irdsuscep is treated in the same way as other "ird" variables, see the section 4 of the abinit help file.

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irdwfk
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of _WFK files
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: multidtset.
Moderately used: [73/907] in abinit tests, [16/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Indicates eventual starting wavefunctions. As alternative, one can use the input variables getwfk, getwfq, get1wf or getddk.

Ground-state calculation :

• only irdwfk and getwfk have a meaning
• at most one of irdwfk or getwfk can be non-zero
• if irdwfk and getwfk are both zero, initialize wavefunctions with random numbers for ground state calculation.
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
Response-function calculation :
• one and only one of irdwfk or getwfk MUST be non-zero
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state k -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• only one of irdwfq or getwfq can be non-zero, if both of them are non-zero, use as k + q file the one defined by irdwfk and/or getwfk
• if irdwfq = 1 : read ground state k+q -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFQ , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of ird1wf or get1wf can be non-zero
• if both are zero, initialize first order wavefunctions to 0's.
• if ird1wf = 1 : read first-order wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of irdddk or getddk can be non-zero
• one of them must be non-zero if an homogeneous electric field calculation is done (presently, a ddk calculation in the same dataset is not allowed)
• if irdddk = 1 : read first-order ddk wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).

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irdwfq
Mnemonics: Integer that governs the ReaDing of _WFQ files
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: DFPT.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {paral:[53],v7:[51]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Indicates eventual starting wavefunctions. As alternative, one can use the input variables getwfk, getwfq, get1wf or getddk.

Ground-state calculation :

• only irdwfk and getwfk have a meaning
• at most one of irdwfk or getwfk can be non-zero
• if irdwfk and getwfk are both zero, initialize wavefunctions with random numbers for ground state calculation.
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
Response-function calculation :
• one and only one of irdwfk or getwfk MUST be non-zero
• if irdwfk = 1 : read ground state k -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFK , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• only one of irdwfq or getwfq can be non-zero, if both of them are non-zero, use as k + q file the one defined by irdwfk and/or getwfk
• if irdwfq = 1 : read ground state k+q -wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _WFQ , produced in a previous ground state calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of ird1wf or get1wf can be non-zero
• if both are zero, initialize first order wavefunctions to 0's.
• if ird1wf = 1 : read first-order wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).
• at most one of irdddk or getddk can be non-zero
• one of them must be non-zero if an homogeneous electric field calculation is done (presently, a ddk calculation in the same dataset is not allowed)
• if irdddk = 1 : read first-order ddk wavefunctions from a disk file appended with _1WFx , produced in a previous response function calculation (see the section 4 of the abinit help file).

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kssform
Mnemonics: Kohn Sham Structure file FORMat
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: Susceptibility, SelfEnergy.
Moderately used: [11/907] in abinit tests, [2/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutoparal:[dmft_1,ucrpa_1]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 1

Governs the choice of the format for the file that contains the Kohn-Sham electronic structure information, for use in GW calculations, see the input variables optdriver and nbandkss.

• kssform=1, a single file .kss (double precision) containing complete information on the Kohn Sham Structure (eigenstates and the pseudopotentials used) will be generated through full diagonalization of the complete Hamiltonian matrix. The file has at the beginning the standard abinit header.
• kssform=3, a single file .kss (double precision) containing complete information on the Kohn Sham Structure (eigenstates and the pseudopotentials used) will be generated through the usual conjugate gradient algorithm (so, a restricted number of states). The file has at the beginning the standard abinit header.

Very important : for the time being, istwfk must be 1 for all the k-points.

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prt1dm
Mnemonics: PRinT 1-DiMensional potential and density
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [13/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >= 1, provide one-dimensional projection of potential and density, for each of the three axis. This corresponds to averaging the potential or the density on bi-dimensional slices of the FFT grid.

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prtden
Mnemonics: PRinT the DENsity
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [293/907] in abinit tests, [47/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0 if nimage>1, 1 otherwise.

If set to 1 or a larger value , provide output of electron density in real space rho(r), in units of electrons/Bohr^3.
If ionmov==0, the name of the density file will be the root output name, followed by _DEN .
If ionmov==1 or 2, density files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _DEN
The file structure of the unformatted output file is described below, see section 6).
If prtden is lower than 0, two files will be printed for restart every prtden step, with the names being made of
• the root temporary name,
• followed by _DEN_x , where x is 0000 or 0001 alternatively.
• The most recent of the two files should be used for restart, and copied to root input name_DS2_DEN
• To perform a restart, in a multidataset mode, use ndtset 2 and jdtset 2 3 (that is 2 datasets, numbered 2 and 3)
• In the dataset 2, get the density you just copied (getden2 -1), perform a non selfconsistent calculation and print the wave function (prtwf2 1)
• In the dataset 3, get the previous wf(getwfk3 -1), and continue the calculation
• This complicated procedure is due to the fact that reading the density is only allowed for a non sc calculation, and also for a dataset different of 0 or the previous one, the option we choose here.
Please note that in the case of PAW (usepaw=1) calculations, the _DEN density output is not the full physical electron density. If what is wanted is the full physical electron density, say for post-processing with AIM or visualization, prtden > 1 will produce physical electron density or other interesting quantities (see below). Nevertheless, even in the PAW case, when chaining together calculations where the density from one calculation is to be used in a subsequent calculation, it is necessary to use the _DEN files and not one of the other files produced with prtden > 1, i.e. _PAWDEN, ATMDEN_xxx or else. Note that the usual _DEN file is always generated as soon as prtden >= 1. Options 2 to 6 for prtden are relevant only for usepaw=1 and control the output of the full electron density in the PAW case :

prtden=2 causes generation of a file _PAWDEN that contains the bulk valence charge density together with the PAW on-site contributions, and has the same format as the other density files.
prtden=3 causes generation of a file _PAWDEN that contains the bulk full charge density (valence+core)
prtden=4 causes generation of three files _ATMDEN_CORE, _ATMDEN_VAL and _ATMDEN_FULL which respectively contain the core, valence and full atomic protodensity (the density of the individual component atoms in vacuum superposed at the bulk atomic positions). This can be used to generate various visualizations of the bonding density.
prtden=5 options 2 and 4 taken together.
prtden=6 options 3 and 4 taken together.
prtden=7 causes the generation of all the individual contributions to the bulk valence charge density : n_tilde-n_hat (_N_TILDE), n_onsite (_N_ONE) and n_tilde_onsite (_NT_ONE). This is for diagnosis purposes only.

Options 3 to 6 currently require the user to supply the atomic core and valence density in external files in the working directory. The files must be named properly; for example, the files for an atom of type 1 should be named: "core_density_atom_type1.dat" and "valence_density_atom_type1.dat". The file should be a text file, where the first line is assumed to be a comment, and the subsequent lines contain two values each, where the first one is a radial coordinate and the second the value of the density n(r). Please note that it is n(r) which should be supplied, not n(r)/r^2. The first coordinate point must be the origin, i.e. r = 0 . The atomic densities are spherically averaged, so assumed to be completely spherically symmetric, even for open shells.

NOTE: in the PAW case, DO NOT use _PAWDEN or _ATMDEN_xxx files produced by prtden > 1 to chain the density output from one calculation as the input to another, use the _DEN file for that.

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prtdos
Mnemonics: PRinT the Density Of States
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, ElecDOS.
Moderately used: [32/907] in abinit tests, [4/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorial:[paw1_4,spin_1,spin_2,spin_3]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Provide output of Density of States if set to 1, 2 or 3. Can either use a smearing technique (prtdos=1), or the tetrahedron method (prtdos=2). If prtdos=3, provide output of Local Density of States inside a sphere centered on an atom, as well as the angular-momentum projected DOS, in the same sphere. The resolution of the linear grid of energies for which the DOS is computed can be tuned thanks to dosdeltae.

If prtdos=1, the smeared density of states is obtained from the eigenvalues, properly weighted at each k point using wtk, and smeared according to occopt and tsmear. All levels that are present in the calculation are taken into account (occupied and unoccupied). Note that occopt must be between 3 and 7 . Also note that the sampling of the Brillouin Zone that is needed to get a converged DOS is usually much finer than the sampling needed to converge the total energy or the geometry of the system, unless tsmear is very large (hence the DOS is not obtained properly).. A separate convergence study is needed.
In order to compute the DOS of an insulator with prtdos=1, compute its density thanks to a self-consistent calculation (with a non-metallic occopt value, 0, 1 or 2), then use prtdos=1, together with iscf=-3, and a metallic occopt, between 3 and 7, providing the needed smearing. If prtdos=1, the name of the DOS file is the root name for the output files, followed by "_DOS" .

If prtdos=2, the DOS is computed using the tetrahedron method. As in the case of prtdos=1, all levels that are present in the calculation are taken into account (occupied and unoccupied). In this case, the k-points must have been defined using the input variable ngkpt or the input variable kptrlatt. There must be at least two non-equivalent points in the Irreducible Brillouin Zone to use prtdos=2. It is strongly advised to use a non-shifted k-point grid (shiftk 0 0 0): such grids contain naturally more extremal points (band minima and maxima at Gamma or at the zone-boundaries) than shifted grids, and lead to more non-equivalent points than shifted grids, for the same grid spacing. There is no need to take care of the occopt or tsmear input variables, and there is no subtlety to be taken into account for insulators. The computation can be done in the self-consistent case as well as in the non-self-consistent case, using iscf=-3. This allows to refine the DOS at fixed starting density.
In that case, if ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _DOS (like in the prtdos=1 case).
However, if ionmov==1 or 2, potential files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _DOS.

If prtdos=3, the same tetrahedron method as for prtdos=2 is used, but the DOS inside a sphere centered on some atom is delivered, as well as the angular-momentum projected (l=0,1,2,3,4) DOS in the same sphere. The preparation of this case, the parameters under which the computation is to be done, and the file denomination is similar to the prtdos=2 case. However, three additional input variables might be provided, describing the atoms that are the center of the sphere (input variables natsph and iatsph), as well as the radius of this sphere (input variable ratsph).
In case of PAW, ratsph radius has to be greater or equal to largest PAW radius of the atom types considered (which is read from the PAW atomic data file; see rc_sph or r_paw). Additional printing and/or approximations in PAW mode can be controlled with pawprtdos keyword (in particular,pawprtdos=2 can be used to compute quickly a very good approximation of the DOS).

Note 1: when prtdos=3, it is possible to output m-decomposed LDOS in _DOS file; simply use prtdosm keyword.
Note 2: the integrated total DOS in spheres around atoms can be obtained when prtdensph flag is activated. It can be compared to the integrated DOS provided in _DOS file when prtdos=3.

prtdos=4 delivers the sphere-projected DOS (like prtdos=3), on the basis of a smearing approach (like prtdos=1)

prtdos=5 delivers the spin-spin DOS in the nspinor==2 case, using the tetrahedron method (as prtdos=2).

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prtdosm
Mnemonics: PRinT the Density Of States with M decomposition
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, ElecDOS.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v5:[40]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Relevant only when prtdos=3.
If set to 1, the m-decomposed LDOS is delivered in DOS file.
Note that prtdosm computes the M-resolved partial dos for complex spherical harmonics,giving e.g. DOS(L,M) == DOS(L,-M) (without spin-orbit). In the contrary, the LDA+U occupation matrix, see dmatpawu is in the real spherical harmonics basis.
If set to 2, the m-decomposed LDOS is delivered in DOS file.
In this case, prtdosm computes the M-resolved partial dos for real spherical harmonics in the same basis as the LDA+U occupation matrix.

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prteig
Mnemonics: PRinT EIGenenergies
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [111/907] in abinit tests, [35/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0 if nimage > 1, 1 otherwise.

If set to 1, a file *_EIG, containing the k-points and one-electron eigenvalues is printed.

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prtelf
Mnemonics: PRinT Electron Localization Function (ELF)
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v5:[50]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of ELF in real space elf(r). This is a dimensionless quantity bounded between 0 and 1.
The name of the ELF file will be the root output name, followed by _ELF.
Like a _DEN file, it can be analyzed by cut3d. However unlike densities, in case of spin polarized calculations, the spin down component can not be obtained by subtracting the spin up component to the total ELF. Hence when spin polarized calculations are performed the code produces also output files with _ELF_UP and _ELF_DOWN extensions. (For technical reasons these files contain also two components but the second is zero. So to perform analysis of _ELF_UP and _ELF_DOWN files with cut3d you have to answer "ispden= 0 ==> Total density" when cut3d ask you which ispden to choose. Also remember that spin down component can not be obtained by using cut3d on the _ELF file. Sorry for the inconvenience, this will be fixed in the next release.)
ELF is not yet implemented in non collinear spin case.
If prtelf is set to 2, in the case of spin polarized calculation, the total ELF is computed from an alternative approach which should better take into account the existence of spin dependent densities (see the documentation in /doc/theory/ELF of your ABINIT repository)

Please note that ELF is not yet implemented in the case of PAW (usepaw=1) calculations.

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prtfsurf
Mnemonics: PRinT Fermi SURFace file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v6:[14],v7:[88]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1, provide Fermi surface file in the BXSF format (Xcrysden) If prtfsurf=1, a _BXSF file readable by XCrySDen will be produced at the end of the calculation. The file contains information on the band structure of the system and can be used to visualize the Fermi surface or any other energy isosurface. prtfsurf=1 is compatible only with SCF calculations (iscf > 1) or NSCF runs in which the occupation factors and Fermi level are recalculated once convergence is achieved (iscf = -3). The two methods should produce the same Fermi surface provided that the k-meshes are sufficiently dense. The k-mesh used for the sampling of the Fermi surface can be specified using the standard variables ngkpt, (shiftk, and nshiftk. Note, however, that the mesh must be homogeneous and centered on gamma (multiple shifts are not supported by Xcrysden)

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prtgden
Mnemonics: PRinT the Gradient of electron DENsity
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v1:[21],v6:[12]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of gradient of electron density in real space grho(r), in units of Bohr^-(5/2).
The names of the gradient of electron density files will be the root output name, followed by _GDEN1, _GDEN2, GDEN3 for each principal direction (indeed it is a vector).
Like a _DEN file, it can be analyzed by cut3d. The file structure of the unformatted output file is described below, see section 6).

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prtgeo
Mnemonics: PRinT the GEOmetry analysis
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [6/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {fast:[27,28,29],mpiio:[26,27],v6:[30]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of geometrical analysis (bond lengths and bond angles). The value of prtgeo is taken by the code to be the maximum coordination number of atoms in the system.
It will deduce a maximum number of "nearest" and "next-nearest" neighbors accordingly , and compute corresponding bond lengths.
It will compute bond angles for the "nearest" neighbours only.
If ionmov==0, the name of the file will be the root output name, followed by _GEO .
If ionmov==1 or 2, one file will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _GEO
The content of the file should be rather self-explanatory.
No output is provided by prtgeo is lower than or equal to 0.
If prtgeo>0, the maximum number of atoms (natom) is 9999.

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prtgkk
Mnemonics: PRinT the GKK matrix elements file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, ElPhonInt.
Rarely used: [5/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {tutorespfn:[eph_1],v5:[85],v6:[72,90],v7:[90]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1, provide output of electron-phonon "gkk" matrix elements, for further treatment by mrggkk utility or anaddb utility. Note that symmetry will be disabled for the calculation of the perturbation, forcing the inclusion of all k-points and all perturbation directions. Additional information on electron-phonon treatment in ABINIT is given in the tutorial ~abinit/doc/tutorial/lesson_eph.html and in ~abinit/doc/users/elphon_manual.ps

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prtgsr
Mnemonics: PRinT the GSR file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v3:[30]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is prtgsr = 0

If set to 1, ABINIT will produce a GSR file at the end of the GS calculation. The GSR file contains the most important GS results (band structure, forces, stresses, electronic density). The GSR file can be read by AbiPy and used for futher postprocessing.
Note that, by default, the GSR file contains the electronic density unless prtden is set to 0.

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prtkden
Mnemonics: PRinT the Kinetic energy DENsity
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [6/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {libxc:[14,19],v1:[21],v5:[51],v6:[12,17]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value , provide output of kinetic energy density in real space tau(r), in units of Bohr^-5.
The name of the kinetic energy density file will be the root output name, followed by _KDEN.
Like a _DEN file, it can be analyzed by cut3d. The file structure of the unformatted output file is described below (see section 6 ).
Note that the computation of the kinetic energy density must be activate, thanks to the input variable usekden.
Please note that kinetic energy density is not yet implemented in the case of PAW (usepaw=1) calculations.

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prtkpt
Mnemonics: PRinT the K-PoinTs sets
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, Output, k-points.
Moderately used: [14/907] in abinit tests, [1/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutorial:[spin_3]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set /= 0 , proceeds to a detailed analysis of different k point grids. Works only if kptopt is positive, and neither kptrlatt nor ngkpt are defined. ABINIT will stop after this analysis.

Different sets of k point grids are defined, with common values of shiftk. In each set, ABINIT increases the length of vectors of the supercell (see kptrlatt) by integer steps. The different sets are labelled by "iset". For each k point grid, kptrlen and nkpt are computed (the latter always invoking kptopt=1, that is, full use of symmetries). A series is finished when the computed kptrlen is twice larger than the input variable kptrlen. After the examination of the different sets, ABINIT summarizes, for each nkpt, the best possible grid, that is, the one with the largest computed kptrlen.

Note that this analysis is also performed when prtkpt=0, as soon as neither kptrlatt nor ngkpt are defined. But, in this case, no analysis report is given, and the code selects the grid with the smaller ngkpt for the desired kptrlen. However, this analysis takes some times (well sometimes, it is only a few seconds - it depends on the value of the input kptrlen), and it is better to examine the full analysis for a given cell and set of symmetries, shiftk for all the production runs.

if set to -2, the code stops in invars1 after the computation of the irreducible set and a file named kpts.nc with the list of the k-points and the corresponding weights is produced

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prtlden
Mnemonics: PRinT the Laplacian of electron DENsity
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [2/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v1:[21],v6:[12]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of Laplacian of electron density in real space grho(r), in units of Bohr^-(7/2).
The name of the Laplacian of electron density file will be the root output name, followed by _LDEN.
Like a _DEN file, it can be analyzed by cut3d. The file structure of the unformatted output file is described below (see section 6 ).

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prtpot
Mnemonics: PRinT total POTential
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [22/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >=1 , provide output of the total (Kohn-Sham) potential (sum of local pseudo-potential, Hartree potential, and xc potential).

If ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _POT.
If ionmov==1 or 2, potential file will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _POT.
The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.6 of the abinit help file. No output is provided by a negative value of this variable.

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prtpsps
Mnemonics: PRint the PSPS file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v7:[10]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1, the code produces a netcdf file (PSPS.nc) with the internal tables used by Abinit to apply the pseudopotential part of the KS Hamiltonian. The data can be visualized with AbiPy. if prtpsps is set to -1, the code will exit after the output of the PSPS.nc file.

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prtspcur
Mnemonics: PRinT the SPin CURrent density
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v5:[46]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of the current density of different direction spins (x,y,z) in the whole unit cell. Should require spinorial wave functions nspinor = 2. Experimental: this does not work yet.

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prtstm
Mnemonics: PRinT the STM density
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, STM.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v4:[46]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 1 or a larger value, provide output of the electron density in real space rho(r), made only from the electrons close to the Fermi energy, in a range of energy (positive or negative), determined by the (positive or negative, but non-zero) value of the STM bias stmbias.
This is a very approximate way to obtain STM profiles : one can choose an equidensity surface, and consider that the STM tip will follow this surface. Such equidensity surface might be determined with the help of Cut3D, and further post-processing of it (to be implemented). The big approximations of this technique are : neglect of the finite size of the tip, and position-independent transfer matrix elements between the tip and the surface.
The charge density is provided in units of electrons/Bohr^3. The name of the STM density file will be the root output name, followed by _STM . Like a _DEN file, it can be analyzed by cut3d. The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.5 of the abinit help file.
For the STM charge density to be generated, one must give, as an input file, the converged wavefunctions obtained from a previous run, at exactly the same k-points and cut-off energy, self-consistently determined, using the occupation numbers from occopt=7.
In the run with positive prtstm, one has to use :

Note that you might have to adjust the value of nband as well, for the treatment of unoccupied states, because the automatic determination of nband will often not include enough unoccupied states.
When prtstm is non-zero, the stress tensor is set to zero.
No output of _STM file is provided by prtstm lower or equal to 0.
No other printing variables for density or potentials should be activated (e.g. prtden has to be set to zero).

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prtsuscep
Mnemonics: PRinT the SUSCEPtibility file (the irreducible polarizability)
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [5/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v3:[87],v5:[70],v67mbpt:[03,04,37]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set to 0, no _SUSC file will be produced after the screening calculation, only the _SCR file will be output.

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prtvclmb
Mnemonics: PRinT V CouLoMB
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [4/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {mpiio:[26,27,28],v6:[04]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >= 0 outputs a file with the Coulomb potential, defined as Hartree + local Pseudopotential.

If prtvclmb=1 and in case of PAW (usepaw > 0), the full core potential is added for the Hartree part, with the on-site corrections vh1 - vht1.

If prtvclmb=2, only the smooth part of the Coulomb potential is output.

prtvha
Mnemonics: PRinT V_HArtree
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [14/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >=1 , provide output of the Hartree potential.

If ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _VHA.
If ionmov==1 or 2, potential files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _VHA.
The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.6 of the abinit help file. No output is provided by a negative value of this variable.

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prtvhxc
Mnemonics: PRinT V_HXC
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [18/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >=1 , provide output of the sum of the Hartree potential and xc potential.

If ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _VHXC.
If ionmov==1 or 2, potential files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _VHXC.
The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.6 of the abinit help file. No output is provided by a negative value of this variable.

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prtvol
Mnemonics: PRinT VOLume
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, Output.
Moderately used: [170/907] in abinit tests, [7/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutoparal:[dmft_2],tutoplugs:[w90_4],tutorial:[base1_5,gw2_1,gw2_2,gw2_3,gw2_4]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Control the volume of printed output. In particular, this concerns the explicit echo of eigenenergies and residuals for all bands and k points in the main output file. Also, the analysis of the value and location of the maximal density (and magnetization).
Standard choice is 0. Positive values print more in the output and log files, while negative values are for debugging (or preprocessing only), and cause the code to stop at some point.

• 0 => The eigenenergies and residuals for all bands and k points are not echoed in the main output file. There are exceptions: the eigenvalues of the first k point are printed at the end of the SCF loop, and also, if iscf=-2 and kptopt<=0, the eigenvalues for all the k points are printed anyway, for a maximum of 50 k-points. Due to some subtlety, if for some dataset prtvol is non-zero, the limit for input and output echoes cannot be enforced, so it is like if prtvol=1 for all the datasets for which prtvol was set to 0.
• 1 => the eigenvalues for the first 50 k-points are printed in all cases, at the end of the SCF loop.
• 2 => all the eigenvalues and the residuals are printed at the end of the SCF loop. Also, the analysis of the value and location of the maximal density (and magnetization) is printed.
• 3 => Print memory information for lobpcg
• 4 => Like 3 and prints information of lobpcg algorithm convergence
• 10 => the eigenvalues are printed for every SCF iteration, as well as other additions (to be specified in the future...)
Debugging options :
• = -1 => stop in abinit (main program), before call driver. Useful to see the effect of the preprocessing of input variables (memory needed, effect of symmetries, k points ...) without going further. Run very fast, on the order of the second.
• =-2 => same as -1, except that print only the first dataset. All the non default input variables associated to all datasets are printed in the output file, but only for the first dataset. Also all the input variables are written in the NetCDF file \"OUT.nc\", even if the value is the default.
• = -3 => stop in gstate, before call scfcv, move or brdmin. Useful to debug pseudopotentials
• = -4 => stop in move, after completion of all loops
• = -5 => stop in brdmin, after completion of all loops
• = -6 => stop in scfcv, after completion of all loops
• = -7 => stop in vtorho, after the first rho is obtained
• = -8 => stop in vtowfk, after the first k point is treated
• = -9 => stop in cgwf, after the first wf is optimized
• = -10 => stop in getghc, after the Hamiltonian is applied once
This debugging feature is not yet activated in the RF routines. Note that fftalg offers another option for debugging.

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prtvolimg
Mnemonics: PRinT VOLume for IMaGes
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, Output.
Rarely used: [5/907] in abinit tests, [2/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {paral:[08],tutoparal:[string_03,string_04],v6:[21],v8:[05]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Control the volume of printed output when an algorithm using images of the cell is used (nimage>1).
When such an algorithm is activated, the printing volume (in output file) can be large and difficult to read.
Using prtvolimg=1 , the printing volume, for each image, is reduced to unit cell, atomic positions, total energy, forces, stresses, velocities and convergence residuals.
Using prtvolimg=2 , the printing volume, for each image, is reduced to total energy and convergence residuals only.

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prtvpsp
Mnemonics: PRinT V_PSeudoPotential
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [4/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {mpiio:[26,27,28],v6:[04]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >=1 , provide output of the local pseudo potential.

If ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _VPSP.
If ionmov==1 or 2, potential files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _VPSP.
The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.6 of the abinit help file. No output is provided by a negative value of this variable.

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prtvxc
Mnemonics: PRinT V_XC
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Moderately used: [13/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

If set >=1 , provide output of the exchange-correlation potential.

If ionmov==0, the name of the potential file will be the root output name, followed by _VXC.
If ionmov==1 or 2, potential files will be output at each time step, with the name being made of

• the root output name,
• followed by _TIMx , where x is related to the timestep (see later)
• then followed by _VXC.
The file structure of this unformatted output file is described in section 6.6 of the abinit help file. No output is provided by a negative value of this variable.

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prtwant
Mnemonics: PRinT WANT file
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, Wannier.
Moderately used: [12/907] in abinit tests, [4/136] in tuto abinit tests. Tuto test list: {tutoplugs:[w90_1,w90_2,w90_3,w90_4]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Flag used to indicate that either the Wannier90 or the WanT interfaces will be used.

• prtwant=1 => Use the ABINIT- WanT interface.

Provide an output file that can be used by the WanT postprocessing program (see http://www.wannier-transport.org). The value of the prtwant indicates the version of the WanT code that can read it. Currently only the value prtwant=1 is implemented, corresponding to WanT version 1.0.1, available since Oct. 22, 2004.

Notes : Several requirements must be fulfilled by the wavefunction. Among them, two are mandatory:

• 1. An uniform grid of k-points, including the GAMMA point must be used.
• 2. The use of time reversal symmetry is not allowed (istwfk=1)
• 3. The list of k-points must be ordered, such that the coordinates, namely three-components vectors has the third index varying the most rapidly, then the second index, then the first index
If these requirement are not fulfilled, the program will stop and an error message is returned.

As an example of k-point grid in case of systems that have some 3D character (1D systems are easy) :

     nkpt 8
kpt  0   0   0
0   0   1/2
0   1/2 0
0   1/2 1/2
1/2 0   0
1/2 0   1/2
1/2 1/2 0
1/2 1/2 1/2
istwfk 8*1


Also, in order to use WanT as a postprocessing program for ABINIT you might have to recompile it with the appropriate flags (see ABINIT makefile). Up to now only the -convert big-endian was found to be mandatory, for machines with little-endian default choice.

• prtwant=2 => Use the ABINIT- Wannier90 interface.

ABINIT will produce the input files required by Wannier90 and it will run Wannier90 to produce the Maximally-locallized Wannier functions (see http://www.wannier.org ).

Notes:

• The files that are created can also be used by Wannier90 in stand-alone mode.
• In order to use Wannier90 as a postprocessing program for ABINIT you might have to recompile it with the appropriate flags (see ABINIT makefile). You might use ./configure --enable-wannier90
• There are some other variables related to the interface of Wannier90 and ABINIT. See w90.

• prtwant=3 => Use the ABINIT- Wannier90 interface after converting the input wavefunctions to quasiparticle wavefunctions.

ABINIT will produce the input files required by Wannier90 and it will run Wannier90 to produce the Maximally-localized Wannier functions (see http://www.wannier.org ).

• An input file of LDA wave functions is required which is completely consistent with the _KSS file used in the self-consistent GW calculation. This means that kssform 3 must be used to create the _KSS file and the output _WFK file from the same run must be used as input here.
• Wannier90 requires nshiftk=1, and shiftk= 0 0 0 is recommended. The k-point set used for the GW calculation, typically the irreducible BZ set created using kptopt=1, and that for the Abinit- Wannier90 interface must be consistent.
• Full-BZ wavefunctions should be generated in the run calling the interface by setting kptopt=3, iscf=-2, and nstep=3. This will simply use symmetry to transform the input IBZ wavefunctions to the full BZ set, still consistent with the GW _KSS input.
• The final _QPS file created by the self-consistent GW run is required as input.
• Any value of gwcalctyp between between 20 and 29 should be suitable, so, for example, Hartree-Fock maximally-localized Wannier functions could be generated setting gwcalctyp=25.

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prtwf
Mnemonics: PRinT the WaveFunction
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topics: printing, vdw.
Moderately used: [165/907] in abinit tests, [31/136] in tuto abinit tests. Too many tests to report (>10).
Variable type: integer
Default is 0 if nimage > 1, 1 otherwise.

If prtwf=1 , provide output of wavefunction and eigenvalue file, as described in section 6.7 of the main abinit help file.
For a standard ground-state calculation, the name of the wavefunction file will be the root output name, followed by _WFK. If nqpt=1, the root name will be followed by _WFQ. For response-function calculations, the root name will be followed by _1WFx, where x is the number of the perturbation. The dataset information will be added as well, if relevant.
No wavefunction output is provided by prtwf=0.
If prtwf=-1, the code writes the wavefunction file only if convergence is not achieved in the self-consistent cycle.

If prtwf=2, a file pwfn.data is produced, to be used as input for the CASINO QMC code. See more explanation at the end of this section.
If prtwf=3, the file that is created is nearly the same as with prtwf=1, except that the records that should contain the wavefunction is empty (so, such records exist, but store nothing). This is useful to generate size-reduced DDK files, to perform an optic run. Indeed, in the latter case, only matrix elements are needed [so, no wavefunction], but possibly a large number of conduction bands, so that the DDK file might be huge if it contains the wavefunctions.

Further explanation for the prtwf=2 case. To produce a wave function suitable for use as a CASINO trial wave function, certain ABINIT parameters must be set correctly. Primarily, CASINO (and QMC methods generally) can only take advantage of time-reversal symmetry, and not the full set of symmetries of the crystal structure. Therefore, ABINIT must be instructed to generate k-points not just in the Irreducible Brillouin Zone, but in a full half of the Brillouin Zone (using time-reversal symmetry to generate the other half). Additionally, unless instructed otherwise, Abinit avoids the need for internal storage of many of the coefficients of its wave functions for k-points that have the property 2k=G_latt, where G_latt is a reciprocal lattice vector, by making use of the property that c_k(G)=c^*_k(-G-G_latt). Abinit must be instructed not to do this in order to output the full set of coefficients for use in CASINO. See the ABINIT theoretical background documents ABINIT/Infos/Theory/geometry.pdf and ABINIT/Infos/Theory/1WF.pdf for more information.
The first of these requirements is met by setting the ABINIT input variable kptopt to 2 (see ABINIT/Infos/varbas.html#kptopt) and the second by setting istwfk to 1 for all the k points (see ABINIT/Infos/vardev.html#istwfk). Since CASINO is typically run with relatively small numbers of k-points, this is easily done by defining an array of "1" in the input file.
For example, for the 8 k-points generated with ngkpt 2 2 2, we add the following lines to the input file:

  # Turn off special storage mode for time-reversal k-points
istwfk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
# Use only time reversal symmetry, not full set of symmetries.
kptopt 2

Other useful input variables of relevance to the plane waves ABINIT will produce include ecut, nshiftk, shiftk, nband, occopt, occ, spinat and nsppol (see relevant input variable documents in ABINIT/Infos/). If ABINIT is run in multiple dataset mode, the different wave functions for the various datasets are exported as pwfn1.data, pwfn2.data, ..., pwfnn.data where the numbers are the contents of the contents of the input array jdtset (defaults to 1,2,...,ndtset).
Once the routine is incorporated into the ABINIT package it is anticipated that there will be an input variable to control whether or not a CASINO pwfn.data file is written.

Other issues related to prtwf=2.
The exporter does not currently work when ABINIT is used in parallel mode on multiple processors if k-point parallelism is chosen. ABINIT does not store the full wave function on each processor but rather splits the k-points between the processors, so no one processor could write out the whole file. Clearly this could be fixed but we have not done it yet. The sort of plane wave DFT calculations usually required to generate QMC trial wave functions execute very rapidly anyway and will generally not require a parallel machines. The outqmc routine currently bails out with an error if this combination of modes is selected - this will hopefully be fixed later.
There has not been very extensive testing of less common situations such as different numbers of bands for different k-points, and more complicated spin polarized systems, so care should be taken when using the output in these circumstances.
If there is any doubt about the output of this routine, the first place to look is the log file produced by ABINIT: if there are any warnings about incorrectly normalized orbitals or non-integer occupation numbers there is probably something set wrong in the input file.

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prtwf_full
Mnemonics: PRinT Wavefunction file on the FULL mesh
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v7:[36]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Only relevant if prtwf == 1

If set to 1 in a ground-state calculation, the code will output another WFK file (with extension FULL_WFK) containing the wavefunctions in the full BZ as well as a text file with the tables used for the tetrahedron method. Note that prtwf_full requires prtwf == 1 and a ground-state calculation done on a homogeneous k-mesh (see ngkpt and shiftk). The tetrahedron table is produced only if the number of k-points in the irreducible zone (nkpt) is greater than 3.

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prtxml
Mnemonics: PRinT an XML output
Executable: abinit
Mentioned in topic: printing.
Rarely used: [1/907] in abinit tests, [0/136] in tuto abinit tests. Test list: {v5:[79]}.
Variable type: integer
Default is 0

Create an XML output with common values. The corresponding DTD is distributed in sources as extras/post_processing/abinitRun.dtd. All the DTD is not yet implemented and this one is currently restricted to ground-state computations (and derivative such as geometry optimisation).

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